Looking for Mahatma Gandhi’s Age, Death and Caste. Wife, Children and Family. Biography. Read through this article.
|Full Name||Mohandas Karamchand Gandhi|
• Father of the Nation
• Peace Activist
|Major Works||• Gandhi witnessed racism, prejudice, injustice against himself and Indians in South Africa, after witnessing all thisGandhi extended his stay in South Africa for the purpose of helping Indians oppose a bill that would have denied them voting rights. Joseph Chamberlain (the British Colonial Secretary) was asked by Gandhi to reconsider his position. this bill.
• He helped found the Natal Indian Congress in 1894, and through this organization and he made the Indian community of South Africa a united political force.
• A new act was promulgated by Transvaal govt in 1906; as per this Every male Asian man must register and present a thumb-printed certificate proving his identity. Act could also apply to restricted immigrants and unregistered people. If they fail to follow the Act, they can be sent home without appeal or even fined. Gandhi created ‘Satyagraha’, a peaceful demonstration in South Africa. He advised Indians not to follow the law, and that they would be punished. for It is possible to do so. Adopted by the community this Many Indians were caught, jailed or flogged during this seven-year conflict. for Striking, refusing registration for They also engaged in non-violent resistance, such as burning their registration cards. The protest was quickly quelled by the government, but public outrage forced Jan Christiaan Smuts from South Africa to reach a compromise with Gandhi.
• Upon returning to India in 1915, Gandhi played a major role in India’s Independence, Gandhi took leadership of the Congress in 1920 and started escalating demands for India’s independence. On 26 January 1930, the Indian National Congress announced India’s independence. While the British refused to recognize this declaration, negotiations led Congress to assume a role as a provincial governor in the latter 1930s.
• In 1918, Gandhi initiated Champaran and Kheda agitations.
• In 1930, the Salt March Movement was initiated by Mahatma Gandhi to oppose taxation on salt by the British Government.
• On 8 August 1942, Mahatma Gandhi, initiated a movement called the “Quit India Movement.” Gandhi called for “Do or Die” during his Quit India speech, delivered at Bombay’s Gowalia Tank Maidan.
|Famous Quotes||• “Be the change that you want to see in the world.”
• “The weak can never forgive. Forgiveness is an attribute of the strong.”
• “An eye for an eye will make the whole world blind.”
• “Nobody can hurt me without my permission.”
• “In a gentle way, you can shake the world.”
• “An ounce of patience is worth more than a tonne of preaching.”
• “A man is but a product of his thoughts. What he thinks he becomes.”
• “Live as if you were to die tomorrow. Learn as if you were to live forever.”
• “First, they ignore you, then they laugh at you, then they fight you, then you win.”
• “Poverty is the worst form of violence.”
|Physical Stats & More|
|The height (approx.||in centimeters- 168 cm
Feet Inches 5’ 6”
|Date of Birth||2 October 1869 Saturday|
|Ort of birth||Porbandar State, Kathiawar Agency, British Indian Empire
(Now in Gujarat, India).
|Date of death||Friday, 30 January 1948|
|The Place of Death||New Delhi, India|
|Death Cause||Assassination through shooting|
|Age at the death||78 Years|
|Resting Place||Raj Ghat, Delhi. But his ashes were scattered along Indian Rivers
|School||• A Local School in Rajkot
• Alfred High School, Rajkot
• A High School in Ahmedabad
|College||• Samaldas College, Bhavnagar State (now, District Bhavnagar, Gujarat), India
• Inner Temple, London
• UCL Faculty of Laws, University College, London
|Caste||Modh Baniya Amar Ujala|
|Habits of Food||Vegetarian
Note: Gandhi was once given a handful of goat meat by his young self, believing that it would strengthen him just as the Britishers. While he was living in London, Gandhi gave up the non-vegetarian lifestyle. for He is a graduate of law. India Today
|Hobbies||Read, listen to and enjoy music|
|Controversies||• In 2016, some Ghanian students called for The removal from campus of a Mahatma Gandhi statue. The two professors accused Gandhi of being racist toward black people, claiming that he held the belief that Indians are better than them. This view was also held by two South African professors Ashwin Desai and Goolam Vahed who claimed that Gandhi labeled black Africans as “savage,” “raw,” and “indolent.” This also suggested that Gandhi demanded separate entrances. for While he lived in South Africa, he worked at Durban’s post office with blacks and Indians.
• In 1906, Gandhi took an oath to abstain from sex life. Gandhi did several tests to determine if he was a celibate. As part of his spiritual experiment (Brahmachari), Gandhi brought Manubehn his grandniece to bed naked. As part of the experiments, he sometimes had several other girls and young women share his bed. Many people from India and around the globe took offense to these experiments.
|Relationships & More|
|Marital Status at the time of death||Widower|
|The Marriage Date||May 1833|
|Types of marriage||Arranged Wikipedia|
|Wife/Spouse||Kasturba Gandhi (born as; Kasturbai Makhanji Kapadia) (11 April 1869 – 22 February 1944)
• Laxmi (adopted; daughter of the harijans Dudabhai and Daniben Dafda); died on 31 January 1984 Outlook
• Madeleine Slade aka Mirabehn (adopted; daughter of the British Rear-Admiral Sir Edmond Slade); died on 20 July 1982 Amar Ujala
|Parents||FatherKaramchand Gandhi and Dewan, the chief minister of Porbandar
Mother– Putlibai Gandhi (Homemaker)
• Laxmidas Karamchand Gandhi
• Karsandas Gandhi
• Raliatbehn Gandhi
|People||Harishchandra Gautama Buddha, Gautama Buddha, and Putlibai, his mother|
A Few Lesser-Known Facts about Mahatma Gandhi
- Was Mahatma Gandhi a smoker?: Yes, he did smoke while in London for He is a Law student. India Today
- He was born as Mohandas Gandhi in a Hindu Modh Baniya family in Porbandar (also known as Sudamapuri).
- Even though his father Karamchand Gandhi had only an elementary education, he was a capable Chief Minister of Porbandar State. He was a skilled Chief Minister for Porbandar State. Previously, Karamchand was posted as a clerk in the state administration.
- Karamchand was the Chief Minister for Porbandar four times. His first and second wives both died young, having given birth to daughters. Karamchand’s third marriage was childless. Karamchand was married to Putlibai (1841-1891) in 1857.
- Putlibai, his mother was from Junagadh’s Pranami Vaishnava clan.
- Before, Mohandas (Mahatma Gandhi) was born; Karamchand & Putlibai had three children- a son, Laxmidas (1860-1914), a daughter, Raliatbehn (1862–1960), and another son, Karsandas (1866-1913).
- Putlibai, in Porbandar, gave birth to Mohandas on 2/10/1869 in a room that was darkened and without windows.
- Gandhiji’s sister, Raliatben, described him as,
He is as restless and wandering about like mercury. One of his favourite pastimes was twisting dogs’ ears.”
- The classic Indian stories of king Harishchandra and Shravana had a great impact on Gandhiji’s childhood. We can trace Gandhiji’s early encounter with truth, love, and sacrifice to these stories. He said in an interview that he had:
It haunted me, and I must have acted Harishchandra to myself times without number.”
- Mahatma Gandhi’s mother was an extremely pious lady, and he was deeply influenced by her. She never ate without praying daily. For her, it was common to keep at least three consecutive fasts. Gandhiji may have been inspired by his mother to maintain long fasts into his latter years.
- His father Karamchand left Porbandar in 1874 and was appointed a counselor at Rajkot under the ruler Thakur Sahib.
- Mohandas started school at the tender age of 9 in Rajkot.
- He joined Rajkot’s high school at the age of 11. He excelled in school but was shy and average.
- While in High School, he met a Muslim friend named Sheikh Mehtab. Mehtab encouraged Mehtab to eat meat to get taller. Mehtab took him one day to a brothel. It was quite a disturbing experience. for Mohandas, and he left the company of Mehtab.
- In May 1883, at the age of 13, Mohandas had an arranged marriage with the 14-years-old Kasturbai Makhanji Kapadia (shortened to “Kasturba” and affectionately to “Ba”). Mahatma Gandhi said once, “Remember the day they married.”
As we didn’t know much about marriage, for us it meant only wearing new clothes, eating sweets and playing with relatives.”
He described the regrettable lustful feelings he experienced. for His young wife.
- His father, Mahatma, died in 1885. At that point, Mahatma was only 16 years old. He also gave birth to his first child that year. for It took only days. The couple later had four more children: Harilal, Manilal, and Harilal. 1888), Manilal (1897), and Devdas (1800). 1888), Manilal (b.
- He graduated high school from Ahmedabad in November 1887 at age 18.
- In January 1888, the young Gandhi enrolled at Samaldas College in Bhavnagar State. But he decided to drop out and return to Porbandar.
- On 10 August 1888, on the advice of Mavji Dave Joshiji (a Brahmin priest and family friend), Mohandas left Porbandar for Bombay set out to study Law in London. He was warned by people that England could tempt him to eat meat or drink alcohol. To this, Gandhi made a vow in front of his mother that he would abstain from “alcohol, meat, and women.”
- On 4 September 1888, he sailed off Bombay to London.
- He enrolled in the Inner Temple of London with the intent to become a barrister. He continued his shyness from childhood in London. However, he started adopting ‘English Customs,’ like English-speaking, taking dance classes, etc.
- While in London, he joined “Vegetarian Society” and was elected to its Executive Committee. Most of the vegetarians he met there were members of the “Theosophical Society” (established in New York City in 1875). They encouraged Mohandas Gandhi and others to join Theosophical Society.
- The Law Examination was passed by him on the 12th of January 1891.
- He was 22 years old when he was called into the British Bar at London. The same year, he returned to India where he found that his mother had died while he was in London.
- In India, he was introduced to Raychandbhai (whom Gandhiji regarded as his Guru).
- He began practicing Law in Bombay. However, it failed; as he lacked psychological tactics to cross-examine witnesses. After that, he went back to Rajkot and began making a decent living by drafting petitions. for litigants. He was eventually forced to quit his job after engaging in a brawl against a British Officer.
- In 1893, a Muslim merchant named Dada Abdullah met Mohandas Gandhi. Abdullah had a large shipping business in South Africa, and Abdullah’s distant cousin, who lived in Johannesburg, needed a lawyer. Abdullah offered £105 plus travel expenses to him, which he happily accepted.
- At the tender age of 23 he took to sailing in April 1893. for South Africa (where his 21-year tenure would be spent; where he’d develop his political views, ethics and politics).
- In June 1893, At Pietermaritzburg station, Mohandas Gandhi was ordered to go into the van compartment of the train although he had a first-class ticket. He refused to go in the van compartment, and was forced to be ejected. His bundles were left behind. He was left to chill on the platform for all of the night. The incident went on to become an iconic event in Gandhi’s life.
- In May 1894 the Abdullah Case which brought him to South Africa, was completed.
- He was confused by South African Indians’ discrimination and suggested a watchdog organization. This group, which was founded on 22 August 1894 to combat prejudice based on colour, saw its success.
- In October 1899, after the break of the Boer War, Mohandas Gandhi joined Ambulance Corps. He raised 1100 Indian Volunteers to support British troops fighting the Boers. You can read more about him here. this, Gandhi and 37 other Indians received the Queen’s South Africa Medal.
- 11. September 1906 for the first time, he adopted “Satyagraha” (a nonviolent protest) against the Transvaal Government, which had enacted a new law compelling registration of the colonies of Indian and Chinese populations.
- Mahatma Gandhi was inspired by the idea of Satyagraha by a letter written to Tarak Nath Das by the Russian pacifist Leo Tolstoy. In 1915, he brought the idea back home to India.
- Between 13 and 22 November 1909, he wrote “Hind Swaraj” in Gujarati onboard S.S.Kildonan Castle on the way to South Africa from London.
- In 1910, he established the “Tolstoy Farm” near Johannesburg (an idealistic community).
- He returned to India on the 9th of January 1915. Since 2003, the day is celebrated as “Pravasi Bhartiya Divas” in India.
- Mahatma was visiting India and joined the Indian National Congress. Gopal Krishna Gokhale was the one who introduced him Indian politics and Indian subjects to his fellow Indians.
- In May 1915, he founded Satyagraha Ashram at Kochrab in Ahmedabad.
- Mahatma was persuaded in Champaran by Raj Kumar Shukla (a local money lender), to go to Champaran and address the Indigo farmer issue. It was Mahatma Gandhi’s first protest against the British atrocities in India.
- Along with 1918 Vallabhbhai Patel, he took part in Kheda Movement; demanding relief from taxes as the Kheda was hit by floods and famine.
- On 8 October 1919, the first issue of ‘Young India’ was released under Gandhiji’s Editorship.
- In 1919, after the end of the First World War, Mahatma Gandhi supported the Ottoman Empire and sought political cooperation from Muslims in his fight against British Imperialism.
- During 1920-1921, he led the Khilafat and Non-co-operation Movement.
- After the Chauri-Chaura incident in February 1922, he withdrew the Non-co-operation Movement.
- On 10 March 1922, he was arrested and sent to Yervada Jail and remained in jail until March 1924.
- He began a 21-day fast on 17 September 1924 for Hindu-Muslim unity.
- He presided over the Congress Session in Belgaum on December 19, 1924. for The first and sole time.
- In December 1929, Gandhiji’s resolution on “Complete Independence” was adopted at the open session of Lahore Congress.
- On 12 March 1930, he started his famous Dandi March (388 kilometres from Ahmedabad to Dandi) to break the Salt Law.
- In 1930, Time magazine named Mahatma Gandhi, the “Man of the Year.”
- Winston Churchill was the British Prime Minister of that time and was a strong critic against Mahatma Gandhi. He termed him a dictator, a “Hindu Mussolini.”
- On 28 October 1934, he declared his intention to retire from Congress.
- In 1936, Mahatma Gandhi founded Sevagram Ashram at Wardha.
- On 15 January 1942, he declared, ‘My political successor is Jawaharlal.’
- On 8 March 1942, he addressed the All India Congress Committee of Bombay and delivered his famous “Quit India” speech and urged Indians to “Karo Ya Maro” (Do or die).
- Kasturba Gandhi, Kasturba’s wife, died 22 February 1944. A saree woven from yarn spun by Gandhiji was wrapped around her body.
- Mahatma Gandhi, a Hindu nationalist and a staunch opponent to the partition of India based on religious grounds in 1948.
- On 30 January 1948, while on his way to evening prayer ground at Birla House (now, Gandhi Smriti), Mahatma Gandhi was shot dead by a right-wing extremist, Nathuram Vinayak Godse.
- Mahatma Buddha was declared a national hero and given numerous monuments in 1994 when the South African black population gained voting rights.
- Gandhi was nominated 5 times for the Nobel Peace Prize; from 1937 to 1948, but he never received it, and when it was decided to award him on the fifth occasion, he had been assassinated before that.
- Geir Ludestad, Secretary of Norwegian Nobel Committee said in 2006:
The greatest omission in our 106- year history is undoubtedly that Mahatma Gandhi never received the Nobel Peace Prize.”
- He was called “Mahatma” for Rabindranath tagore for the first time.
- A stamp in Mahatma’s honour was issued by the Soviet Union in 1969.
- Gandhi deeply inspired Martin Luther King and said that Gandhi had profoundly influenced him.
Christ gave us the goals and Mahatma Gandhi the tactics.”
He also sometimes referred to Gandhi as a little brown saint.
- Gandhian principles were also an inspiration to Nelson Mandela. He used them successfully during apartheid and ended white rule. Mandela is said to have concluded the work of Gandhi.
- Gandhi pledged to stop having sex with women in 1906. Gandhi conducted several experiments to determine if he was a celibate. He brought his grandniece Manubehn to sleep naked in his bed as part of a spiritual experiment in which Gandhi could test himself as a “Brahmachari.” Several other young women and girls also sometimes shared his bed as part of his experiments.
- In 1968, the first biographical documentary film on Mahatma Gandhi, “Mahatma: Life of Gandhi, 1869–1948,” (by Vithalbhai Jhaveri) was released.
- Richard Attenborough’s 1982 film, “Gandhi,” won the Academy Award for Top Picture
- Although Indians widely describe him as “The Father of the Nation,” the Government of India hasn’t accorded the title officially. Sources claim that the title was used for the first time by Subhash Chandra Bose In a radio broadcast (on Singapore Radio), 6 July 1944.
- Sources claim that the 1943 film “Ram Rajya” was the only film that Mahatma Gandhi had ever seen.
- In 1996, the Reserve Bank of India (RBI) introduced “The Gandhi Series” of banknotes 10 and 500 rupees. It was introduced in 1996. this Series has taken over all banknotes that were issued prior to 1996.
- Gandhian principles are the basis of 2006’s Bollywood comedy, Lage Raho Munna Bhai.
- In 2007, the United Nations General Assembly (UNGA) declared 2 October (Gandhi’s birthday) as “The International Day of Nonviolence.”