Looking for A. C. Bhaktivedanta Swami Prabhupada Age, Wife, Children, Family, Biography & More? Read through this article.
|Full Name||Abhay Charanaravinda Bhaktivedanta Swami Prabhupada|
|Nickname(s)||Abhay Charan De, Nandulal|
|Profession||Gaudiya Vaishnavism Spiritual Teacher and Acharya, The Founder Preceptor of the International Society for Krishna Consciousness (ISKCON).|
|Date of Birth||1 September 1896|
|Place of Birth||Tollygunge Suburb, Kolkata|
|Date of death||14 November 1977|
|The Place of Death||Vrindavan, Uttar Pradesh, India.|
|Age as at death||81 Years|
|Death Cause||It is not known|
|Schools||A School at Harrison Road, Kolkata|
|College||Scottish Church College in Kolkata|
|Education Qualification||Graduation (1920).|
|Families||Father– Sriman Gour Mohan De
Mother– Srimati Rajani De
Sisters– Rajesvari, Shrimati Bhavatarini Devi (1899-1980)
|Address||Kolkata, 151 Harrison Road|
|Affairs and Girls|
|Marital Status||Get married|
|The wife||Radharani Devi|
|The Marriage Date||1918|
|Children||Sons– Vrindavan Chandra De, Prayag Raj, Mathura Mohan De
Some Lesser Known Facts About A. C. Bhaktivedanta Swami Prabhupada
- He is a pure devotee of Lord Krishna and the founder-Acharya of the International Society for Krishna Consciousness, also known as ISKCON, is a global confederation that includes over 100 temples and ashrams. It has many other projects.
- He was born on the next day of Janmashtami (Lord Krishna’s Birthday) in a Bengali Suvarna Banik Vaishnava family in Kolkata and was given the name- Abhay Charan means fearless and one who takes shelter of Lord Krishna’s lotus feet.
- As he was born on the day of Nandotsava (Lord Krishna’s Birthday festival celebrated by His father Nand), he was also called Nandulal.
- At the age of five, he alone organized a Lord Jagannatha Ratha-yatra festival at his locality.
- He learned the principles of Krishna’s worship from his father who was a great devotee of Lord Krishna.
- In his youth, he longed to visit the temples rather than play with kids.
- During his European-styled education at Scottish Church College, Kolkata, he was a member of the English and Sanskrit Society and studied subjects like English, Economics, and Philosophy.
- At the tender age of 22 years, his parents organized him into a marriage with Radharani Devi (11 at the time).
- He had a small pharmaceutical business during his married life.
- During his youth, he actively took part in India’s Struggle for Freedom by accompanying Mahatma Gandhi led Civil Disobedient Movement.
- In 1922, he met Bhaktisiddhanta Sarasvati, a famous scholar, leader, and founder of sixty-four Gaudiya Mathas (Vedic institutes), asked Abhay (Prabhupada) to spread the Vedic knowledge in English and carry the teachings of Lord Chaitanya to the Western Countries.
- In 1933, he took initiation from Srila Bhaktisiddhanta and determined to fulfill his desire.
- In 1944, he started English fortnightly magazine, ”Back to Godhead” that he himself edited and typed, then after checking the galley proofs, he alone distributed its individual copies (during the hot month of June) in the streets of Delhi, India.
- In 1947, the Gaudiya Vaishnava Society gave him the title ”Bhaktivedanta” means one who has realized that the devotion of Lord Krishna is above all types of knowledge. His Sanskrit title ”Prabhupāda” means one who takes shelter of Krishna’s lotus feet.
- He established the League of Devotees of Jhansi in 1953 as part of his missionary work in India.
- In 1954, he adopted the vanaprastha ashram (retired from family life).
- He moved to Vrindavan, Vamsigopal temple in 1956.
- He donated the form of Chaitanya Mahaprabhu to the Gaudiya Matha at Allahabad and studied, wrote as well as edited the Gauḍīya Patrikā There is a magazine.
- In 1959, living in the humble circumstances of Radha-Damodara temple, Vrindavan, he devoted his time to the study and writings of the ancient Vedic literature of India. In this temple, he found three to four hundred years old collections of different copies and manuscripts (around two thousand) in the form of original writings of the Six Gosvamis and their followers.
- There, he started the translation with commentary of the eighteen-thousand-versed Srimad-Bhagavatam.
- In 1959, he accepted the ”Sannyasa” the renounced order of life, and in 1960, he published his first book- ”Easy Journey to Other Planets.”
- To fulfill the desire of his spiritual master, he took the vision of his spirit guide and got the ticket for a journey to New York City and boarded a cargo ship ”Jaladuta” in 1965. It was an arduous journey for His journey brought him sea sickness and two heart attacks. As a service to Lord Krishna, he wrote a beautiful poem in Lord’s glorification during this time.
- On 17 September 1965, he entered the port of New York City to introduce the ancient teachings of the Vedic literature of India into mainstream America. Only eight dollars were available for him, along with English translations from Bhagavatapurana’s sacred book.
- He alone started doing Kirtana with a Kartal (cymbals) at New York’s Tompkins Square Park. His pure message of Krishna’s devotion attracted a lot of people there and some of the youngsters decided to become his disciples. They helped him to get on rent a small storefront on New York’s Lower East Side, that he used to build Krishna’s temple later.
- He was an excellent cook, and he knew how to prepare Indian food and sweet dishes. Sanyasa taught him how to prepare parshadam. for Krishna, himself. During his stay in the storefront of New York’s Lower East Side, he cooked for He distributed the parshadam to his disciples after Bhagawatam Katha.
- On July 11, 1966, he registered the storefront of New York City, officially as the ”International Society Of Krishna Consciousness”. In 1967, another center was opened in San Francisco.
- He visited various locations in America and popularized the movement through sankirtana (“street chanting”), discourses of Bhagavata purana, speeches to the public, book distribution, and other means.
- When some devotees went to London from San Francisco, they came into contact with a famous musical group the ”Beatles.” George Harrison one of the most popular stars of that time took great interest in the movement and after meeting Prabhupada, he decided to produce a musical album with the devotees of Radha Krsna Temple, London. He also donated money to print Prabhupada’s English edition of ”Krishna” book.
- To spread his pure teachings of Lord Krishna’s, he traveled 14 times. Many persons accepted his message, and with their help, he could establish 108 ISKCON centers and projects like educational institutes, rural communities, and vegetarian food relief programs all over the world.
- In the majority of countries, Hare Krishna became an extremely popular movement after 1971.
- In 1972, he started the Vedic system of education by establishing the Gurukula (a school) in Dallas, Texas. He died in 1973. thisHis disciples started the schools around the globe.
- He not only awarded his disciples Sannyasa initiations but also founded the New Vrindavan in West Virginia and introduced to the world the Jagannatha processions (A chariot journey of Lord Vishnu with sister Subhadra and brother Balrama).
- To strengthen the root of Krishna consciousness in his own country, he returned India several times and established many temples there. Vrindavan, Mayapur and other temples are most well-known.
- He wanted to establish international cultural centers also. The planned spiritual city in Sridhama Mayapur in West Bengal, International Guesthouse, Srila Prabhupada Memorial & Museum in Vrindavan, a cultural and educational centre in Mumbai are very good examples of this.
- According to Srila Prabhupada, his most significant contribution to the society is his books that have gained lots of popularity due to their clarity, depth, authority, fidelity to the Guru Parampara and truthness to the ancient Vedic scriptures of India. Many of his writings are included in the courses of college studies in different parts of the world.
- Over eighty of his books were translated into over 80 languages. The most significant creations are the Bhagavad-Gita As It Is (1968), Śrī Īśopanishad (1969), Srimad-Bhagavatam (30-volume, 1972–77 ), Sri Caitanya-Caritamrita (17-volume, 1974), and The Nectar of Instruction (1975).
- In 1972, The Bhaktivedanta Book Trust (BBT) the publishing house of ISKCON, was established, which is now the world’s largest publisher and distributor of books on ancient Indian Vedic scriptures and religion.
- His books have also been praised by the professors of famous colleges and universities like Columbia, Oberlin, Harvard, Edinburgh, Oxford, Syracuse, Cornell, and many others.
- During his discussion with a historian Arnold J Toynbee in London, he said that the International Movement of Krishan Consciousness that he started among Americans and Indians, would increase in the next ten thousand years.
- Swami Prabhupada was able to make some arrangements prior to leaving his body. for His movement’s progress. He wrote his will, established the initiation system, created temple property trusts, and gave some guidelines to the Bhaktivedanta Book Trust as well as to the GBC (Governing Body Commission).
- Bhaktivedanta Swaami died on the 14th November 1977 at Vrindavan (India). In Vrindavan (India), his samadhi, or memorial with burial has been constructed at Krishna Balaram Mandir.
- The present ISKCON members in various parts of the world have established many shrines to Bhaktivedanta Swaami as a tribute to him. Greatest among them are in Mayapur, Vrindavan, and America (Prabhupada’s Palace of Gold).
- After recognizing his great work; the Government of India issued a commemorative stamp in his honor in 1996. Malaysia released another stamp in his honour on the 50th anniversary his trip to the USA.
- In 1998, at the occasion of inauguration function of ISKCON’s cultural centre in New Delhi, Atal Bihari Vajpayee the former prime minister of India, expressed his gratitude to the ISKCON and the spiritual army of Swami Prabhupada for printing and distributing the millions of copies of Bhagavad Gita all over the world, in different languages. The movement’s rapid popularity gained him appreciation.
- In February 2014, ISKCON’s news agency reported that about half a billion books of ISKCON have been distributed since 1965.